A Cowbird, but not as we Know it!

Don’t you just hate it when a bird pops up and gives you a headache because it just does not fit the norm? It happened to me (again!) when I came across this cowbird on the Goat Man’s drive at Daniel’s Head, Cape Sable Island. Normally you don’t spend a lot of time enjoying crippling views of cowbirds, mostly because, whether you like it or not, they are trash birds and don’t command your attention the same way something making more effort to be interesting would. I’d better start at the very beginning, a very good place to start.

Every time I pass the Goat Man’s place I scan his drive. He scatters corn for his goats and chickens and the corn attracts birds. So far my luck has been restricted to two Dickcissels (at the same time) and the odd sparrow that wasn’t a Song or Savannah. On this occasion the floor was dominated by Mourning Doves but, right at the back (of course) was this smaller body that hinted at Rusty Blackbird. Once it stuck its head up it clearly wasn’t. Suddenly the Goat Man appeared, probably on some goat-related duty, and the doves and guest flew along the drive towards me.

The light was not terrible but the wind was and so everything was being teased around and kept low. I had another look at the cowbird and thought it looked a bit odd, the body plumage of a male and a female-type head with a pale supercilium. So I heaved to with the camera and blasted a few shots off before the whole lot flew off and away, then thought no more about it and went about my birding business. Later I downloaded the photos to the PC and was surprised to see how different the bird looked, as to how I expect a Brown-headed Cowbird to look.

Just to reiterate, the back, tail and wings of the bird were the iridescent blueyness we all know and love about cowbirds. From the breast/neck up it was brown, as was the throat, which was supposed to be white, or at least whitish. The bill too looked a bit different, longer and more pointed, well maybe. So I Googled some images and found nothing similar. I checked some books and found nothing similar so I started thinking it might be something more glamorous and perhaps shinier.

To put things in context, Brown-headed Cowbird is reasonably common in Nova Scotia and so the odds were stacked against being anything but, still you have to be thorough. I pulled my ‘New World Blackbird – The Icterids’ by Jaramillo and Burke (Helm, 1999) from the shelf, it was reduced in price so who could resist? I read up on both possibilities. Now take a look at the doc shots before I proceed.


In cowbird circles this would be a looker! Is it a male Brown-headed in moult, if so why the pale supercilium, more obvious head-on? Is the bill big enough for a Brown-headed? What of the wings? To me they look the wrong shape for Shiny, p8 is longer than p9 in Shiny, meaning the outermost wing feather is longer in Brown-headed, but it is not clear from the images, just suggestive of Brown-headed Cowbird.


This image shows the pale supercilium, present on both sides of the head, so actually there and not an artefact of the light.


This one has been lightened and sharpened. The originals are at ISO 1000 so grainy. Here there is a suggestion of eye-arcs but the eye is hardly ‘beady’ as in Brown-headed Cowbird. The light doesn’t help when assessing the bill colour but it does look heftier here.


This equates to my original view, is it slim-chunky or chunky-slim! I think you can just about make out the primary structure here, although the angle suggests p9 curves inward a little.


This is the most confusing image, purely because the bill looks so small, putting the bird back in the Shiny camp. Meanwhile, back in ‘the book’…

The icterids guide states that female Shiny Cowbird can have an iridescent body, a feature Brown-headed does not have – whoa, read on. Brown-headed Cowbird has a paler lower mandible than Shiny, which always has a black bill. So what was I looking at? I think, still think, that it is a Brown-headed Cowbird. I don’t know why it has a supercilium, or ‘glossy’ body. I don’t know why one view makes it look good for Shiny and another in the same sequence of frames makes it good for Brown-headed.

There are three things to take from this experience. First is that even common birds can look different from the field guides and even the family specific guide, not all plumages are covered or even, surprisingly, well described. Secondly, identification from photographs can be subjective. In the field the bird looked different, I already mentioned the similarity to Rusty Blackbird in shape and some plumage colouration, this perceived similarity can cloud your thinking. Third, only look at adult male cowbirds in summer plumage and you’ll sleep better!

Digital Sea Watching

There are some birding disciplines that just don’t grab people’s imaginations. Sure they can appreciate watching bright, spring warblers or pretty ducks and even, to some extent, majestic flocks of wheeling shorebirds but, say you are going to peer out to sea for a couple of hours in lousy weather and that the views you will get make it hard to rule out a passing fly and they are mystified, good thing otherwise the sea watching spots would be more crowded and that would be no good at all.


I did my first sea watch some time in 1981, it was at Spurn in East Yorkshire and I quite enjoyed it (Great Skua, Parasitic Jaeger, Manx and Sooty Shearwater and an Osprey plus ducks, geese, loons, grebes, terns, gulls and alcids). Since then I have watched when I can and now, living in an area offering exceptional sea birding, I partake as often as circumstance (the weather) dictates that I should, I’m lucky for sure. Mostly sea watching is as the name describes except that, with experience (gained only by sea watching) you get to need less of the birds to know what they are, you also learn to set your range and only exceed it when the species you are looking at is an easy ID at range.

Changes in equipment have seen a change in practices, especially with the advent of digital photography. The images you can reliably get, of birds way out to sea, not only aids their identification but also lets you click and count, I’ll explain: The point of sea watching, well the two points, no make that three. Among the many points of sea watching are the desire to see, identify and enjoy bird species not encountered too often, and the hope that you might see a rarity. Counting is also a primary function, ageing when counting too, else how do you have any idea how robust a breeding season has been if you don’t report say 60% adult, 40% immature Northern Gannets?

The sea also throws up surprises such as unexpected species on calm, seemingly listless days; passerines belting past and offering an ID challenge, distant shorebirds and even hawks or owls, steadfastly heading for land after crossing their least favourite habitat, the sea. The seabirds themselves also become easier when digital photography is allied to a sea watch. A distant jaeger might be tough to ID while moving, but freeze it and look at it on the PC with a mug of something hot to sip, and suddenly the ID is much less of a challenge, and eBird reports can be liberally decorated too, just to prove the point.

I’ve talked about sea watching technique before. Get comfortable, find the track the birds are taking the most often, watch at a fixed point, take regular breaks and, if you get distracted, scan in a sweep using the direction of the passage (usually the same for everything) to get back to where you were so you don’t miss anything. Pretty simple really as long as you stick to the golden rule mentioned earlier, don’t look further than you can comfortably identify something, small terns will need to be nearer that gannets!

In a group make sure you are all looking at the same place by dividing up the sea into areas so that anyone can reference an area when they have something, otherwise disaster lurks!

Here is a classic example of not communicating properly, as I understand it there was a burial at sea! http://www.wansteadbirder.com/2013/08/red-billed-tropicbird-at-pendeen.html

Now a few example doc ID shots of nothing rare but, just so there is a decent photo for Facebook, I used a pretty Atlantic Puffin off Nova Scotia at the beginning of the post.


Northern Gannets are helpful on a sea watch, often showing where fish might be, they also show the track many birds will use when passing your sea watching spot.


In rough conditions you won’t get great views of mid distance birds. Here are a couple of young Black-legged Kittiwakes well offshore. If these had been Sabine’s Gull you’d have no trouble presenting them as confirmation of the ID, although their capture might be subject to more camera shake than normal!

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Loons usually fly above the horizon, so for counting purposes, and ID, you can grab a snap and tally up later.

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Rather than just lump sea ducks as scoter species,  a quick shot gives you the ID you might not have time chasing in the field. No problems with these Black Scoters.


Perhaps the easiest sea duck to call, even at range, but a good passage photographed and counted later is more accurate.


A trio of Surf Scoter female/imm types, note the pale belly.


A string of Common Eider, but what is that lurking in second place? A bit of a tweak in photoshop resolves it as a male Hooded Merganser, and you can count the eider up too.


A little mystery with no prizes given. Sometimes a photo with no context is tough to call, this one should not trouble you too much.

Just a final thought on digital sea watching, if you photograph say a line of ducks and you miss the little sawbill in the middle that later turns out to be a Smew, do you tick it?

Two excellent guides that are worth splashing the cash for, if you are a committed sea watcher and not some namby-pamby robin-fondler type (no offence) are to be found in the links below. The first gives a nice review, the second is a link to the Natural History Book Shop just so you can look at the cover and a bit of spiel.



Let Down!

I think it is fair to say that October has failed to thrill in birding terms. In part it is down to this ‘funny’ year we are having, post El-Nino, and perhaps that failure to produce is also down to the long, mostly hot days we’ve been having since spring, days that have brought dry wells and brown lawns to southern Nova Scotia and that have encouraged the birds to keep going. Long hot days sap the energy and means that only a very limited part of each day has any true potential, rarity-wise. We all know that birding the morning is the thing, followed very infrequently by the spell ‘after supper’. It would be interesting to see how many true rarities are found after the morning session, not too many I’d wager although excluding 1998 fall-outs, see the link.


A local highlight for October, and an afternoon bird in fact, would, had we seen it, have been something that should not be so uncommon in NS, and in fact is probably better classed as elusive and hard to find than actually uncommon, I’m talking Long-eared Owl. One was seen on Cape Sable Island at The Hawk but it was only brief and has, so far, failed to offer a repeat performance. They do tend to sit tight during the day and there is lots of tree cover there to grant their wish of anonymity. They do also hunt in daylight when hungry but the proliferation of tasty Meadow Voles, (they taste like vole) means that rabid hunger is unlikely at present and so we can place the sighting in the ‘right place at the right time’ category.

The owl was found when a local told Johnny of an odd bird at his feeder, it was an Eastern Towhee. Johnny went and identified the towhee and the owl popped up at the same time. The towhee is still there, making occasional visits to the feeder by the house at the end of Hawk Point Road but beware, in the evening the road gets a silly number of deer watchers, who seem to just sit in their cars and just peer at deer eating carrots. A bonus for towhee appreciators and owl seekers on October 20th was a Northern Mockingbird – likely the one that has popped up on CSI from time to time this year. The light was iffy but here are the mocker shots and a doc shot of the towhee.

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At sea, in south to east Nova Scotia, it is still possible to look out to sea and not find Cory’s Shearwaters, this is very odd. The shearwater might be present off the whole of eastern Nova Scotia but there are not enough people looking to confirm that, however, their presence off Canso suggests that they are, in fact, out there. The numbers have probably re-written the records for NS and the whole incursion will take some assessment and writing. In the midst of the many Cory’s have been some Scopoli’s, a species recognised by some authorities but not by the American Ornithologist’s Union (AOU). Scopoli’s breeds mostly in the Mediterranean and is smaller, finer and has a mostly white underwing that extends to the wing tips, Cory’s have a white underwing also but it ends well short of the wing tip making the underwing look blob-ended. What else lurks?

Here is a link to the eBird checklist for October-1st when we saw 1-3 Scopoli’s off The Cape.


A contender for an imposter in the mix might seem to be Cape Verde Shearwater. Cory’s-like in general appearance but with a dusky bill, Cory’s is yellow tipped dark. Not too much is known about the dispersal pattern from their breeding colonies (guess where!) but they would seem to be part of the whole Cory’s family type and they may lurk as yet undocumented in NS waters, something to read up on I think, see the link. I’m seeing Cory’s whenever I look at the sea, here is a crappy composite of three birds off Baccaro.


Link to the first records for N. America of Cape Verde Shearwater.


Whingeing about how poor October has been might be considered poor form but really the highlights have been few and far between, for example, White-eyed Vireo at Cape Forchu. This year a highlight, last year a regular sub-rarity. Perhaps ‘Alifer’, the birding God, has more in store for us, a slice of the ‘Sibe’ bonanza currently pouring on Europe would be nice, very nice indeed. Time to start brushing up on Phylloscopus warblers and even accentors?

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I keep checking Kenney Road on CSI (or Kenny, depends which way you approach, check out the road signs next time you pass) but nothing eye-popping has appeared yet, still this Orange-crowned Warbler was nice. And now, after having written this and in a spectacular reversal of fortune, October will produce the @big one’!



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Well it was nice while it lasted but I’ve finally tumbled from the top of the Nova Scotia eBird listing for 2016, good job I’m not doing a NS year list else I would be downcast, possibly. The expected successor, David Bell, found enough to keep his list growing between Bon Portage and Seal Island this autumn. As regular readers know, my focus has been on a Cape Sable Island big year and heading the charts for so long was simply a bye-product of that. True I picked up year and Nova Scotia life birds here and there, but not by chasing the former.

I do have some boxes on the checklist that might yet be filled, but I doubt I’ll be anywhere near Dave by the end of play. Without any additions to my NS life list, some of the following absentees might be reasonably expected: Greater White-fronted Goose ; Cackling Goose; Eurasian Wigeon; Redhead; Ruddy Duck; Red-shouldered Hawk (if the Pleasant Lake bird comes back); American Coot; Marbled Godwit; Western Sandpiper (both outsiders); Laughing Gull; Northern Saw-whet Owl; Western Kingbird; Philadelphia Vireo (outsider); House Wren; Common Redpoll; Evening Grosbeak. Perhaps realistically only five of the 16 will be seen though. Still, if I get to 270 for the year in NS I’ll be quite satisfied, I’m on 262 and hoping for the odd NS life list addition still, such as Great Skua; Thayer’s Gull; Yellow-billed Cuckoo; Gyrfalcon; Northern Shrike; Eastern Meadowlark; Yellow-headed Blackbird or Hoary Redpoll.

In this odd year for migration, or so I’m told as I have little personal frame of reference, there could still be a late hurrah of rarities although I suspect we are done with the hurricane threat and the avian bounty that they can deliver. On CSI the warbler passage has been very fragmented and, at times, negligible. Expected species have not appeared, I didn’t find a Canada or Tennessee Warbler for the island, nor did we get Philly and White-eyed Vireo, or at least not yet. My big year list currently stands at 222, the dreaded Nelson (look it up!). I’m sure a few more species will be added although I’m past predicting on that one.

A pleasant walk around The Cape today had a few birds and a lot of water, the supermoon affected the tides. It being Sunday there were no duckers and no Lighthouse workers so it was very peaceful. On the last visit sparrows were scarce, today they were more numerous, especially Ipswich Sparrows. The Forest had this smart young White-crowned Sparrow. I think it is the nominate race but the references are a little vague on separating immature birds.

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In the Lighthouse compound, the absence of beeping things and workmen clumping about meant a few more birds and this Ruby-crowned Kinglet, one of two seen on the day, posed nicely.


On Friday I was out birding with Diane LeBlanc and Sylvia Craig. It was cool out in the open marshes so we hopped along Kenney Road, finding a nice bunch of birds including three late Cape May Warblers, here is a record shot of one.


We then went off to Baccaro, seeing Cory’s sailing past and using the Lighthouse as a windbreak. At one point we watched a female Northern Harrier arrive off the sea and into the strong headwind. It seemed to take and age for it to come ashore, all three of us had our fingers crossed she’d make it.

In the yard the sparrows are working hard to compete with the avian vacuums, Blue Jays and Mourning Doves. In the evenings up to three Raccoons climb onto the tables to clean up the residue. We don’t mind but, if they try to get into the loft then its curtains for them. Dark-eyed Juncos seem much commoner this year than last and this scabby specimen seems to be a juvenile in partial moult, another breeding season anomaly.




Many Birders call them peeps, lump them together and tend to only look at the obvious clear examples of the species but, look closer, there is more to them than meets the eye. This post is essentially about Semipalmated Sandpipers and their variability. We see them in their hundreds or even thousands here in Nova Scotia but when there are only half a dozen, we take time to notice the differences.

Semipalmated and Western Sandpiper form a species pair in North America with Westerns having a more self-explanatory summer distribution, but becoming more common further south, all along the south eastern seaboard on migration and in winter. Most Semipalmated Sandpipers winter further south (of the US), and so any winter peep is most likely a Western

Western Sandpiper is rare in Nova Scotia but presumably somewhat overlooked, individuals getting lost in the swirls of Semipalmated that pass through in autumn. Semipalmated flocks are regularly encountered in August through September. Typically most Westerns will be immature birds showing rusty cheeks and scapular bar along with a long, slightly kinked at-the-tip bill and having a propensity to look front heavy.

Identifying ‘standard issue’ Western and Semipalmated Sandpipers should not be an issue if you are aware of the plumage features of both, however, female eastern Semipalmated Sandpipers can show a very long bill and, in certain light, display an element of rustiness about their plumage. Such birds were seen around Daniel’s Head, Cape Sable Island on the rising tide a couple of times in late September 2016. Similar birds have caused consternation in the past, where both species are true vagrants and so I thought I’d do a Semipalmated gallery showing the normal to the extreme.

Typical Semis with short, largely tubular bills.

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Intermediate Semi bills.


Note the palmations on the one above.

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Odd looking, deep-based bill on the one above.

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A real rusty looking Semi above, almost Little Stint like.

The odd looking, long-billed Semi.

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A long-billed Semi (below, distant) with an additional (poor) shot with the colour enhanced, or is it a Western?

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And just to end on a Western Sandpiper note, here is a Western (middle bird) I saw on Daniel’s Head in September 2015, at range and in fog, hence the lack of colour but the structure and bill says it all.

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Another Western Sandpiper, this one is from Quebec in August 2007. We should be looking for Westerns in NS from late July through mid-October at least and we could do with more information regarding plumage variability, especially reduced rustiness of the coverts. The photographic field guides, even the group dedicated ones, fall short with some species in my opinion, and there is room for a dedicated photographic guide that deals with the tricky birds only, and devotes its pages to decent, informative shots and not a hotchpotch of fillers.

Finally a question, why exactly are these long-billed Semipalmated Sandpipers growing long bills? Perhaps they are somewhere between both species? An interesting little conundrum, yes?

Further reading:





Red Herring!

THE books say that Pacific Golden-Plover has toes that extend beyond the tail when the bird is in flight, some even say that this does not happen with American Golden-Plover, they are wrong. With Eric Mills and Dennis Garratt finding seemingly different Pacific Golden-Plovers in Nova Scotia, we in the Land that Time Forgot, otherwise known as southern Nova Scotia, have been diligently searching for one. Flight images of pale golden plovers have invariably shown toes projecting and they have all been, without doubt, American Golden-Plovers.

On The Cape today, two pale birds were present but with clean, white superciliums (can you believe that the singular of this word is flagged by the eBird spell-check!). They did however have bold ear spots, whopping great eyes that, were they on a cat, would surely get them an extra spoon of kitty feed and a certain slenderness about them. They weren’t very golden though and Pacific should be. The light was rather flooding, even though I was down two stops on the camera, so it is no surprise that they looked pale.

In the one photographed down, it had stretched and made itself look slimmer than it was. The primary projection is wholly American Golden-Plover too When they flew, the light refracting down their length brought out a distinctly Pacific Golden-Plover hue about their feathers and their toes stuck out beyond the tail, especially obvious on the one with the spread tail. So, when reading any shorebirds guide and finding it quoting the long toes myth, feel free to take an indelible pen to the text, toe projection might be a supporting detail but it is not diagnostic of Pacific Golden-Plover.

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Until we reached Steven’s Point, our pick-up spot, the two plovers had been the highlight of a rather quiet visit. That changed when I flushed a small brown bird that was no sparrow! After a couple of flushes I got the bins on it, hailed Ronnie and Mike and suggested we had a Marsh Wren. We ushered it on once more and Ronnie got some crucial shots, especially after it then disappeared and we were left with two choices, Marsh or Carolina.

The remarkable photo shows a dull bird with a well-defined supercilium and a rather short bill, had it any pretentions Carolina-wards. To the eye it was dun-brown, uniform looking with a rounded tail. Marsh fits, Marsh it is. I doubt that we can assign a race, given that more plumage detail may be needed although my bet would be for western.


Thanks to Ronnie d’Entremont for the use of the photo.

It is now sparrow season, albeit a quiet one, and those that do pop up, bar the regulars, seem to be Billy no mates, i.e., on their own. Such was the case on 10/12/16 when I saw a sparrow dive into a bush on Daniel’s Head (insert any joke you like here). I squeaked it and it popped up, White-crowned Sparrow of the race gambeli. So I thought I’d do a bit on the various races and borrow a few maps from the excellent http://www.whatbird.com I hope they don’t mind and I’d be happy to donate a few of my many images in compensation if they do.

Starting with the White-crowned Sparrows that we get here regularly, and here I start writing in Latin (gasp) for a bit because, currently, there is no better way to do it. White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys leucophrys is our bird in the east, Black-lored White-crowned Sparrow. Z. l. gambelii also occurs here, perhaps a little irregularly, and is a central to western subspecies, Gambel’s Sparrow from now on. Out west, west is where it gets more complicated as there are three subspecies; Z. l. pugetensis which is limited to a section of the western US coastal strip from BC to northern California and is migratory, Puget Sound Sparrow from now on.. To the south is Z. l. nuttalli which barely move from their breeding zones to point of being sedentary, Nuttall’s Sparrow. Inland of the west coast and up in the mountains is Z. l. oriantha which goes south for the winter and is of little interest to us here as I don’t have a photo! Mountain White-crowned Sparrow.

Here are a couple of photos of Black-lored White-crowned Sparrows.


On The Cape in October 2015.


In Quebec in May 2013.

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And the Daniel’s Head Gambel’s Sparrow from 10/12/16 (two shots).


This is a Puget Sound Sparrow from Oregon, November 2014.


This is a Nuttall’s Sparrow from California, June 2014.

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And here are the maps showing ranges.

Further reading on White-crowned Sparrows in the west: http://creagrus.home.montereybay.com/MTYbirdsWCSP.html


Finally we got some rain, hopefully enough to keep the wells going a bit longer until normal service is resumed, weather wise. With the precipitation came a howling northerly wind (between 6 and 7 on the Beaufort Scale*), it was clearly time to look at the sea. I chose Baccaro as you can sit in your car and watch, and it is very relaxing the way the wind rocks you to sleep. But first, here is a late arrival yesterday afternoon, a yard Dickcissel. It is an unwritten law that a sparrow attending a feeder will always have a gob-full when being photographed.

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At Baccaro (10/10/16) I took up position, ears plugged with tissue to guard against the fog-horn sparking up without warning. I did 11:45 to 2:10 which was enough to confirm that, although there were birds out there, they did not include jaegers, skuas, very rare pterodroma petrels or even Black-legged Kittiwakes in their midst. The action mostly revolved around milling Northern Gannets and a steady procession north of Cory’s Shearwaters (52) plus a few Great Shearwaters (4) and some don’t knows (8).

I tried taking as many photos as possible, with the intention of checking the underwings for Scopoli’s, I know it sounds like some sort of STD but it is actually the extent of the white on the underwing that matters, at least as a starting point.

The images are dire I know, but what do you expect?

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*The Beaufort Scale, slightly modified for birders and as seen in my eBook, ‘My Patch’. Wind force number and description in bold.

#0 – 1mph – CALM – smoke from the grass fire lit to flush the skulking sparrows out rises vertically.

#1 – 1-4mph – LIGHT AIR – leaves rustle making that irritating shhhhhhhh noise, obscuring calls.

#2 – 5-7mph – LIGHT BREEZE – wind felt on face after drinking a can of energy drink in one gulp, but at least you can now focus on passage after a 12 hour visible migration watch!

#3 – 8-11mph – GENTLE BREEZE – leaves move, causing frantic scanning for that flitting warbler in every tree.

#4 – 12-18mph – MODERATE BREEZE – small branches move, thereby ruining your digiscoped shrike shot.

#5 – 19-24mph – FRESH BREEZE – small trees move making the horizon look like a choreographed dance and best ignored.

#6 – 25-31mph – STRONG BREEZE – large branches move and only birds with legs like a Russian shot putter can stay put. According to the official version of the scale, ‘umbrellas difficult to control’, no really.

#7 – 32-38mph – NEAR GALE – whole trees in motion, difficulty walking but you get like that anyway after standing six hours counting finches flying south.

#8 – 39-46mph – GALE – bits blown off trees, let’s see you creep around the canopy in this you ‘difficult’ fall warbler you.

#9 – 47-54mph – STRONG GALE – brilliant, so what if a few roofs lose their tiles, we are talking potentially seabirds inland here.

#10 – 55-63mph – STORM – wedge the car against the biggest tree and hope that it is experienced when it comes to standing up to the wind!

#11 – 64-73mph – VIOLENT STORM – everything grounded and easy to creep up on if you keep low. The trouble is you have to keep dodging debris but hey, there might be a patch tick.

#12 – 74+mph – HURRICANE – yeah baby, no point in going home, it’s probably been blown away but shearwaters, petrels, tropicbird, I might get a tropicbird, cool.

The beauty of using the Beaufort Scale is that you only write down the number in your notebook, thereby saving time needed for writing down all those counts of passage migrants as they go over.

Post gale there was not a lot to suggest it had brought us any goodies. A few warblers are creeping through but they are hard to find, most flocks are of Yellow-rumped Warblers although Sandra and I did find this nice, male Black-throated Blue near Lower Wedgeport. The other shots are a Golden-crowned Kinglet and a hiding Blackpoll Warbler from the same trip out. Further down are a couple of shots of a Baltimore Oriole from Kenney Road, CSI. Plus some nice loons.

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